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Questions for Freud and his successors PDF Print E-mail
Psychology - Soul

Hall Freud Jung in front of ClarkThe science of psychology is one of the most important tools available to mankind. Before the discovery of psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud, women who suffered from hysteria were 'treated' by electro-shock. At that period, 'doctors' were unable to imagine a better therapy for an illness for which they believed the displacement of the womb to be responsible. Freud's theory revealed, inter alia, a part of the manner of operation of the human psyche, demonstrated the existence and the definitive role of repressed experiences of psychic pain, and was able to bring relief to many kinds of psychological problems. Much has happened since then.

Theories have been developed - such as those of Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Abraham Maslow, Roberto Assagioli, etc. - which, all together, have enriched the picture we have of the human psyche. All these theories complement one another and inevitably form the background against which the next step in an understanding of the human psyche will be taken. The questions formulated below form an input to the recognition of the questions which remain unanswered. A satisfactory answer to them would be an enormous contribution to the quality of inter-personal and international relations (Solon editorial team).

Questions for Freud and his successors

1. Whence does love derive strategy and methodology, and how is this intertwined with the mind?

2. How and how much are thought and reason intertwined (and what impacts does this intertwining bring about qualitatively)?

3. What is the relation between reason and libido and how do they develop it?

4. How does the unconscious become a matter for and object of the consciousness while it is alien to it?

5. How can time, as a field irrelevant to the unconscious, nevertheless be linked with it?

6. If time and the unconscious do not constitute a field of experience and love does - if love is associated correspondingly with the unconscious - then is it, perhaps, not the experience of love which renders it important, but its relation with the unconscious?

7. How is consciousness generated in the unconscious?

8. Is there a common inception of them and where do they develop?

9. Does initial self-identification have structural components and mechanisms for building superstructures?

10. What is the tendency to resist death and where does it start out from? What denies the divine and why?

11. Is death always an event of which we are not aware? Is knowledge of mortality an inner intuitive experience?

12. How is envy generated primarily and inwardly?

13. How does primary individuality communicate with love? What is their structural communication?

14. Why do the potential 'infinite nothing' and potential greed definitively attract the consciousness and the ego in our choices?

15. Why does the ego seek the disturbance brought about by extension?

16. What is the structural essence of the issue of the affinity between consciousness and the unconscious?

17. What does the ego fear and react to?

18. What is the hypostasis of fear - is it perhaps the intermediacy of consciousness / the unconscious?

19. In what does the life force consist? How is it defined in relation to life? In what does its dream quality consist? From what does identity seek to differentiate itself through life, and life through identity?

20. What shapes differentiation as a force of identity?

21. In what does psychic allotropy consist?

These are a few - for the present - unanswered questions from the science of psychology, whose great progress allows us to hope that the time is approaching when they will be answered. It is our belief that an answer to them will dramatically change the face of everyday and international life, since their impact - in politics, economics, environmental science, etc. - will be cataclysmic. The ground covered will be so great as to justify Freud's prediction of the emergence at a later date of 'meta-psychology'.[1]

[1] Freud, Sigmund, Civilisation and its Discontents [Greek edition], publ. Epikouros, p. 33.

Yiannis Zisis, writer

Photograph by en.wikipedia.org


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