In the field of volunteerism we meet with two versions of it: remunerated volunteerism at the level of a lesser valuation of labour, and pure volunteerism in which work (whether it is intellectual or physical) receives no remuneration and is simply donated within the framework of an activity, for instance, of an NGO, a citizens' initiative, or even directly by an individual as a creation which is provided for society.
Volunteerism, however, also needs special moral incentives or other motivations. It needs motives of an economic nature - not as having to do with its remuneration, but with the regulation of other obligations of the citizen, so that voluntary work develops as a culture with everybody.
The most important issue is for us to achieve a long-term and high-performance volunteerism for every individual, for every citizen. This entails the shaping both overall and collectively or qualitatively of systems for utilisation of voluntary work and creation.
Volunteerism is the mainstay of the social economy, but also of the political economy, not in the usual scientific sense, but in the sense of the practical policy which emerges from civil society and would not otherwise have resources - that is, it would not function or survive as an economy of politics.